8048887288 Info

  • Phone Number8048887288
  • CompanyCavalier Telephone
  • StateVirginia
  • CityRichmond, VA
  • CountyUnknown
  • Prefix888
  • Area Code804
  • UsageUnknown

8048887288 USA Telephone Phone State > Virginia 804-888-7288, Richmond, VA, Unknown

Richmond, VA

Richmond may refer to:

People

  • Earl of Richmond
  • Duke of Richmond

Places

Australia

  • Division of Richmond, an electoral district in the Australian House of Representatives, in New South Wales
  • Electoral district of Richmond (Victoria), a state electoral district in Victoria
  • Electoral district of Richmond (New South Wales), defunct
  • Electoral district of Richmond (Tasmania), defunct
  • Richmond, New South Wales
    • RAAF Base Richmond
    • Richmond Woodlands Important Bird Area
  • Richmond, Queensland
  • Richmond, South Australia
  • Richmond, Tasmania
  • Richmond, Victoria
    • Richmond railway station, Melbourne
  • Richmond River, a river in the north-eastern corner of New South Wales.

Canada

  • Richmond, British Columbia, a city in Metro Vancouver
  • Richmond, Calgary, Alberta, a neighbourhood
  • Richmond, Ontario, a community now part of the city of Ottawa
  • Richmond Township, Ontario, now part of Greater Napanee, Ontario
  • Richmond, Nova Scotia
  • Richmond, Prince Edward Island
  • Richmond, Quebec
  • Federal electoral districts:
    • Richmond (British Columbia federal electoral district) (current)
    • Richmond (Nova Scotia federal electoral district) (historic)
    • Richmond—Wolfe,(Quebec federal electoral district) (historic)
  • Provincial electoral districts:
    • Richmond (British Columbia provincial electoral district)
    • Richmond (Nova Scotia provincial electoral district)
    • Richmond (Quebec provincial electoral district)

Germany

  • Schloss Richmond, Richmond Castle and Park, Brunswick, Germany

Ireland

  • Richmond, Townland, North Tipperary

Jamaica

  • Richmond, Jamaica

New Zealand

  • Richmond, New Zealand, South Island town
  • Richmond, Canterbury, Christchurch suburb

South Africa

  • Richmond, Northern Cape
  • Richmond, KwaZulu-Natal

Sri Lanka

  • Richmond College (Sri Lanka), Famous school in city of Galle

St. Vincent

  • Richmond River (St. Vincent)

United Kingdom

  • Richmond, North Yorkshire, a market town and the administrative centre of the district of Richmondshire
    • Richmond, North Yorkshire (UK Parliament constituency)
  • London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, a London borough whose area includes the following:
    • Richmond, London, a town in the borough
    • Richmond University
    • Richmond Bridge, London
    • Richmond Green
    • Richmond Park
    • Richmond Park (UK Parliament constituency)
    • Richmond Railway Bridge
    • Richmond Station (London)
    • Richmond F.C., the local rugby union football club
    • Richmond Palace
    • Richmond Adult Community College
  • Other Richmonds include:
    • Richmond's in the Wood, Thaxted, Essex
    • Richmond, South Yorkshire, an electoral ward in Sheffield

United States

(by state)

  • Richmond, Alabama
  • Richmond, California
  • Richmond District, San Francisco, California
  • Richmond, Illinois
  • Richmond, Indiana
  • Richmond, Kansas
  • Richmond, Kentucky
  • Richmond, Louisiana
  • Richmond, Maine
  • Richmond, Massachusetts
  • Michigan, five locations:
    • Richmond, Michigan, in Macomb County
    • New Richmond, Michigan, in Allegan County
    • Richmond Township, Macomb County, Michigan
    • Richmond Township, Marquette County, Michigan
    • Richmond Township, Osceola County, Michigan
  • Richmond, Minnesota
  • Richmond, Missouri
  • Richmond, New Hampshire
  • New York, two locations:
    • Richmond, New York, a town
    • Richmond County, New York, the New York City borough of Staten Island, formerly Richmond
  • Richmond, Ohio
  • Oregon, two locations:
    • Richmond, Oregon
    • Richmond, Portland, Oregon, a neighborhood
  • Pennsylvania, three locations:
    • Richmond Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania
    • Richmond Township, Crawford County, Pennsylvania
    • Richmond Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania
  • Richmond, Rhode Island
  • Richmond, South Dakota, a community in Brown County, South Dakota
  • Richmond, Texas
  • Richmond, Utah
  • Richmond, Vermont
  • Virginia, two locations:
    • Richmond, Virginia, the state capital city
    • Richmond County, Virginia
  • Wisconsin, four locations:
    • Richmond, Shawano County, Wisconsin, a town
    • Richmond, St. Croix County, Wisconsin, a town
    • Richmond, Walworth County, Wisconsin, a town
    • Richmond (community), Wisconsin, an unincorporated community

Other uses

  • Richmond (cigarette)
  • Richmond Castle in North Yorkshire, England
  • Richmond Cricket Club in Richmond, Victoria, Australia
  • Richmond F.C., an English rugby union side
  • Richmond Football Club in the Australian Football League
  • Richmond Herald, in England, an officer of arms
  • Richmond International Raceway, Richmond, Virginia
  • Richmond Palace, England
  • HMS Richmond, several ships in the British Navy
  • Honour of Richmond
  • USS Richmond, several ships in the United States Navy
  • White Greyhound of Richmond
  • Richmond Park, home ground of Irish soccer side St Patrick's Athletic
  • University of Richmond, a private university located in Richmond, Virginia
  • Richmond Spiders, the intercollegiate athletic teams of the University of Richmond
  • Richmond Vale Railway, A private railway in NSW Australia that was the Last Commercial Railway in Australia to use steam locomotives

See also

  • Richmond County (disambiguation)
  • Richmond Hill (disambiguation)
  • Richmond Township (disambiguation)
  • New Richmond (disambiguation)

Virginia

Virginia (/vərˈdʒɪnjə/), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state located in the South Atlantic region of the United States. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" due to its status as a former dominion of the English Crown, and "Mother of Presidents" due to the most U.S. presidents having been born there. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2013 is over 8.2 million.

The area's history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent New World English colony. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy. Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution and joined the Confederacy in the American Civil War, during which Richmond was made the Confederate capital and Virginia's northwestern counties seceded to form the state of West Virginia. Although the Commonwealth was under single-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, both major national parties are competitive in modern Virginia.

The Virginia General Assembly is the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World. The state government has been repeatedly ranked most effective by the Pew Center on the States. It is unique in how it treats cities and counties equally, manages local roads, and prohibits its governors from serving consecutive terms. Virginia's economy has many sectors: agriculture in the Shenandoah Valley; federal agencies in Northern Virginia, including the headquarters of the Department of Defense and CIA; and military facilities in Hampton Roads, the site of the region's main seaport. Virginia's economy transitioned from primarily agricultural to industrial during the 1960s and 1970s, and in 2002 computer chips became the state's leading export.

Geography

Virginia has a total area of 42,774.2 square miles (110,784.7 km2), including 3,180.13 square miles (8,236.5 km2) of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. Virginia is bordered by Maryland and Washington, D.C. to the north and east; by the Atlantic Ocean to the east; by North Carolina and Tennessee to the south; by Kentucky to the west; and by West Virginia to the north and west. Virginia's boundary with Maryland and Washington, D.C. extends to the low-water mark of the south shore of the Potomac River. The southern border is defined as the 36° 30′ parallel north, though surveyor error led to deviations of as much as three arcminutes. The border with Tennessee was not settled until 1893, when their dispute was brought to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Geology and terrain

The Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of Virginia's Eastern Shore. The bay was formed from the drowned river valleys of the Susquehanna River and the James River. Many of Virginia's rivers flow into the Chesapeake Bay, including the Potomac, Rappahannock, York, and James, which create three peninsulas in the bay.

The Tidewater is a coastal plain between the Atlantic coast and the fall line. It includes the Eastern Shore and major estuaries of Chesapeake Bay. The Piedmont is a series of sedimentary and igneous rock-based foothills east of the mountains which were formed in the Mesozoic era. The region, known for its heavy clay soil, includes the Southwest Mountains around Charlottesville. The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the Appalachian Mountains with the highest points in the state, the tallest being Mount Rogers at 5,729 feet (1,746 m). The Ridge and Valley region is west of the mountains and includes the Great Appalachian Valley. The region is carbonate rock based and includes Massanutten Mountain. The Cumberland Plateau and the Cumberland Mountains are in the southwest corner of Virginia, south of the Allegheny Plateau. In this region, rivers flow northwest, with a dendritic drainage system, into the Ohio River basin.

The state's carbonate rock is filled with more than 4,000 caves, ten of which are open for tourism.

The Virginia Seismic Zone has not had a history of regular earthquake activity. Earthquakes are rarely above 4.5 in magnitude, because Virginia is located away from the edges of the North American Plate. The largest earthquake, at an estimated 5.9 magnitude, was in 1897 near Blacksburg. A 5.8 magnitude earthquake struck central Virginia on August 23, 2011, near Mineral. The earthquake was reportedly felt as far away as Toronto, Canada, Atlanta, Georgia and Florida.

Coal mining takes place in the three mountainous regions at 45 distinct coal beds near Mesozoic basins. Over 62 million tons of other non-fuel resources, such as slate, kyanite, sand, or gravel, were also mined in Virginia in 2012.

Climate

The climate of Virginia becomes increasingly warmer and more humid farther south and east. Seasonal extremes vary from average lows of 26 °F (−3 °C) in January to average highs of 86 °F (30 °C) in July. The Atlantic ocean has a strong effect on eastern and southeastern coastal areas of the state. Influenced by the Gulf Stream, coastal weather is subject to hurricanes, most pronouncedly near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay.

Virginia has an annual average of 35–45 days of thunderstorm activity, particularly in the western part of the state, and an average annual precipitation of 42.7 inches (108 cm). Cold air masses arriving over the mountains in winter can lead to significant snowfalls, such as the Blizzard of 1996 and winter storms of 2009–2010. The interaction of these elements with the state's topography creates distinct microclimates in the Shenandoah Valley, the mountainous southwest, and the coastal plains. Virginia averages seven tornadoes annually, most F2 or lower on the Fujita scale.

In recent years, the expansion of the southern suburbs of Washington, D.C. into Northern Virginia has introduced an urban heat island primarily caused by increased absorption of solar radiation in more densely populated areas. In the American Lung Association's 2011 report, 11 counties received failing grades for air quality, with Fairfax County having the worst in the state, due to automobile pollution. Haze in the mountains is caused in part by coal power plants.

Flora and fauna

Forests cover 65% of the state, primarily with deciduous, broad leaf trees. Lower altitudes are more likely to have small but dense stands of moisture-loving hemlocks and mosses in abundance, with hickory and oak in the Blue Ridge. However since the early 1990s, Gypsy moth infestations have eroded the dominance of oak forests. In the lowland tidewater yellow pines tend to dominate, with bald cypress wetland forests in the Great Dismal and Nottoway swamps. Other common trees and plants include chestnut, maple, tulip poplar, mountain laurel, milkweed, daisies, and many species of ferns. The largest areas of wilderness are along the Atlantic coast and in the western mountains, where the largest populations of trillium wildflowers in North America are found. The Atlantic coast regions are host to flora commonly associated with the South Atlantic pine forests and lower Southeast Coastal Plain maritime flora, the latter found primarily in southeastern Virginia.

Mammals include White-tailed deer, black bear, beaver, bobcat, coyote, raccoon, skunk, groundhog, Virginia Opossum, gray fox, red fox, and eastern cottontail rabbit. Other mammals include: nutria, fox squirrel, gray squirrel, flying squirrel, chipmunk, brown bat, and weasel. Birds include cardinals (the State Bird), barred owls, Carolina chickadees, Red-tailed Hawks, Ospreys, Brown Pelicans, Quail, Sea gulls, Bald Eagles, and Wild Turkeys. Virginia is also home to both the large and small pileated woodpecker as well as the common woodpecker. The Peregrine Falcon was reintroduced into Shenandoah National Park in the mid-1990s. Walleye, brook trout, Roanoke bass, and blue catfish are among the 210 known species of freshwater fish. Running brooks with rocky bottoms are often inhabited by plentiful amounts of crayfish and salamanders. The Chesapeake Bay is host to many species, including blue crabs, clams, oysters, and rockfish (also known as striped bass).

Virginia has 30 National Park Service units, such as Great Falls Park and the Appalachian Trail, and one national park, the Shenandoah National Park. Shenandoah was established in 1935 and encompasses the scenic Skyline Drive. Almost 40% of the park's area (79,579 acres/322 km2) has been designated as wilderness under the National Wilderness Preservation System. Additionally, there are 34 Virginia state parks and 17 state forests, run by the Department of Conservation and Recreation and the Department of Forestry. The Chesapeake Bay, while not a national park, is protected by both state and federal legislation, and the jointly run Chesapeake Bay Program which conducts restoration on the bay and its watershed. The Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge extends into North Carolina, as does the Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge, which marks the beginning of the Outer Banks.

History

Jamestown 2007 marked Virginia's quadricentennial year, celebrating 400 years since the establishment of the Jamestown Colony. The celebrations highlighted contributions from Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans, each of which had a significant part in shaping Virginia's history. Warfare, including among these groups, has also had an important role. Virginia was a focal point in conflicts from the French and Indian War, the American Revolution and the Civil War, to the Cold War and the War on Terrorism. Stories about historic figures, such as those surrounding Pocahontas and John Smith, George Washington's childhood, or the plantation elite in the slave society of the antebellum period, have also created potent myths of state history, and have served as rationales for Virginia's ideology.

Colony

The first people are estimated to have arrived in Virginia over 12,000 years ago. By 5,000 years ago more permanent settlements emerged, and farming began by 900 AD. By 1500, the Algonquian peoples had founded towns such as Werowocomoco in the Tidewater region, which they referred to as Tsenacommacah. The other major language groups in the area were the Siouan to the west, and the Iroquoians, who included the Nottoway and Meherrin, to the north and south. After 1570, the Algonquians consolidated under Chief Powhatan in response to threats from these other groups on their trade network. Powhatan controlled more than 30 smaller tribes and over 150 settlements, who shared a common Virginia Algonquian language. In 1607, the native Tidewater population was between 13,000 and 14,000.

Several European expeditions, including a group of Spanish Jesuits, explored the Chesapeake Bay during the 16th century. In 1583, Queen Elizabeth I of England granted Walter Raleigh a charter to plant a colony north of Spanish Florida. In 1584, Raleigh sent an expedition to the Atlantic coast of North America. The name "Virginia" may have been suggested then by Raleigh or Elizabeth, perhaps noting her status as the "Virgin Queen," and may also be related to a native phrase, "Wingandacoa," or name, "Wingina." Initially the name applied to the entire coastal region from South Carolina to Maine, plus the island of Bermuda. The London Company was incorporated as a joint stock company by the proprietary Charter of 1606, which granted land rights to this area. The Company financed the first permanent English settlement in the "New World", Jamestown. Named for King James I, it was founded in May 1607 by Christopher Newport. In 1619, colonists took greater control with an elected legislature called the House of Burgesses. With the bankruptcy of the London Company in 1624, the settlement was taken into royal authority as an English crown colony.

Life in the colony was perilous, and many died during the Starving Time in 1609 and the Anglo-Powhatan Wars, including the Indian massacre of 1622, which fostered the colonists' negative view of all tribes. By 1624, only 3,400 of the 6,000 early settlers had survived. However, European demand for tobacco fueled the arrival of more settlers and servants. The headright system tried to solve the labor shortage by providing colonists with land for each indentured servant they transported to Virginia. African workers were first imported to Jamestown in 1619 initially under the rules of indentured servitude. The shift to a system of African slavery in Virginia was propelled by the legal cases of John Punch, who was sentenced to lifetime slavery in 1640 for attempting to run away, and of John Casor, who was claimed by Anthony Johnson as his servant for life in 1655. Slavery first appears in Virginia statutes in 1661 and 1662, when a law made it hereditary based on the mother's status.

Tensions and the geographic differences between the working and ruling classes led to Bacon's Rebellion in 1676, by which time current and former indentured servants made up as much as 80% of the population. Rebels, largely from the colony's frontier, were also opposed to the conciliatory policy towards native tribes, and one result of the rebellion was the signing at Middle Plantation of the Treaty of 1677, which made the signatory tribes tributary states and was part of a pattern of appropriating tribal land by force and treaty. Middle Plantation saw the founding of The College of William & Mary in 1693 and was renamed Williamsburg as it became the colonial capital in 1699. In 1747, a group of Virginian speculators formed the Ohio Company, with the backing of the British crown, to start English settlement and trade in the Ohio Country west of the Appalachian Mountains. France, which claimed this area as part of their colony of New France, viewed this as a threat, and the ensuing French and Indian War became part of the Seven Years' War (1756–1763). A militia from several British colonies, called the Virginia Regiment, was led by then-Lieutenant Colonel George Washington.

Statehood

The British Parliament's efforts to levy new taxes following the French and Indian War were deeply unpopular in the colonies. In the House of Burgesses, opposition to taxation without representation was led by Patrick Henry and Richard Henry Lee, among others. Virginians began to coordinate their actions with other colonies in 1773, and sent delegates to the Continental Congress the following year. After the House of Burgesses was dissolved by the royal governor in 1774, Virginia's revolutionary leaders continued to govern via the Virginia Conventions. On May 15, 1776, the Convention declared Virginia's independence from the British Empire and adopted George Mason's Virginia Declaration of Rights, which was then included in a new constitution. Another Virginian, Thomas Jefferson, drew upon Mason's work in drafting the national Declaration of Independence.

When the American Revolutionary War began, George Washington was selected to head the colonial army. During the war, the capital was moved to Richmond at the urging of Governor Thomas Jefferson, who feared that Williamsburg's coastal location would make it vulnerable to British attack. In 1781, the combined action of Continental and French land and naval forces trapped the British army on the Virginia Peninsula, where troops under George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau defeated British General Cornwallis in the Siege of Yorktown. His surrender on October 19, 1781 led to peace negotiations in Paris and secured the independence of the colonies.

Virginians were instrumental in writing the United States Constitution. James Madison drafted the Virginia Plan in 1787 and the Bill of Rights in 1789. Virginia ratified the Constitution on June 25, 1788. The three-fifths compromise ensured that Virginia, with its large number of slaves, initially had the largest bloc in the House of Representatives. Together with the Virginia dynasty of presidents, this gave the Commonwealth national importance. In 1790, both Virginia and Maryland ceded territory to form the new District of Columbia, though the Virginian area was retroceded in 1846. Virginia is called "Mother of States" because of its role in being carved into states like Kentucky, which became the 15th state in 1792, and for the numbers of American pioneers born in Virginia.

Civil War and aftermath

In addition to agriculture, slave labor was increasingly used in mining, shipbuilding and other industries. The execution of Gabriel Prosser in 1800, Nat Turner's slave rebellion in 1831 and John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry in 1859 marked the growing social discontent over slavery and its role in the plantation economy. By 1860, almost half a million people, roughly 31% of the total population of Virginia, were enslaved. This division contributed to the start of the American Civil War.

Virginia voted to secede from the United States on April 17, 1861, after the Battle of Fort Sumter and Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers. On April 24, Virginia joined the Confederate States of America, which chose Richmond as its capital. After the 1861 Wheeling Convention, 48 counties in the northwest separated to form a new state of West Virginia, which chose to remain loyal to the Union. Virginian general Robert E. Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia in 1862, and led invasions into Union territory, ultimately becoming commander of all Confederate forces. During the war, more battles were fought in Virginia than anywhere else, including Bull Run, the Seven Days Battles, Chancellorsville, and the concluding Battle of Appomattox Court House. After the capture of Richmond in April 1865, the state capital was briefly moved to Lynchburg, while the Confederate leadership fled to Danville. Virginia was formally restored to the United States in 1870, due to the work of the Committee of Nine.

During the post-war Reconstruction era, Virginia adopted a constitution which provided for free public schools, and guaranteed political, civil, and voting rights. The populist Readjuster Party ran an inclusive coalition until the conservative white Democratic Party gained power after 1883. It passed segregationist Jim Crow laws and in 1902 rewrote the Constitution of Virginia to include a poll tax and other voter registration measures that effectively disfranchised most African Americans and many poor whites. Though their schools and public services were segregated and underfunded due to a lack of political representation, African Americans were able to unite in communities and take a greater role in Virginia society.

Modern era

New economic forces also changed the Commonwealth. Virginian James Albert Bonsack invented the tobacco cigarette rolling machine in 1880 leading to new industrial scale production centered around Richmond. In 1886, railroad magnate Collis Potter Huntington founded Newport News Shipbuilding, which was responsible for building six major World War I-era battleships for the U.S. Navy from 1907–1923. During the war, German submarines like U-151 attacked ships outside the port. In 1926, Dr. W.A.R. Goodwin, rector of Williamsburg's Bruton Parish Church, began restoration of colonial-era buildings in the historic district with financial backing of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Though their project, like others in the state, had to contend with the Great Depression and World War II, work continued as Colonial Williamsburg became a major tourist attraction.

Protests started by Barbara Rose Johns in 1951 in Farmville against segregated schools led to the lawsuit Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County. This case, filed by Richmond natives Spottswood Robinson and Oliver Hill, was decided in 1954 with Brown v. Board of Education, which rejected the segregationist doctrine of "separate but equal". But, in 1958, under the policy of "massive resistance" led by the influential segregationist Senator Harry F. Byrd and his Byrd Organization, the Commonwealth prohibited desegregated local schools from receiving state funding.

The Civil Rights Movement gained many participants in the 1960s. It achieved the moral force and support to gain passage of national legislation with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In 1964 the United States Supreme Court ordered Prince Edward County and others to integrate schools. In 1967, the Court also struck down the state's ban on interracial marriage with Loving v. Virginia. From 1969 to 1971, state legislators under Governor Mills Godwin rewrote the constitution, after goals such as the repeal of Jim Crow laws had been achieved. In 1989, Douglas Wilder became the first African American elected as governor in the United States.

The Cold War led to the expansion of national defense government programs housed in offices in Northern Virginia near Washington, D.C., and correlative population growth. The Central Intelligence Agency in Langley was involved in various Cold War events, including as the target of Soviet espionage activities. Also among the federal developments was the Pentagon, built during World War II as the headquarters for the Department of Defense. It was one of the targets of the September 11 attacks; 189 people died at the site when a jet passenger plane was crashed into the building.

Cities and towns

Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 38 independent cities, which both operate the same way since independent cities are considered to be county-equivalent. This method of treating cities and counties equally is unique to Virginia, with only three other independent cities in the United States outside Virginia. Virginia limits the authority of cities and counties to countermand laws expressly allowed by the Virginia General Assembly under what is known as Dillon's Rule. In addition to independent cities, there are also incorporated towns which operate under their own governments, but are part of a county. Finally there are hundreds of unincorporated communities within the counties. Virginia does not have any further political subdivisions, such as villages or townships.

Virginia has 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas; Northern Virginia, Hampton Roads, and Richmond-Petersburg are the three most populous. Richmond is the capital of Virginia, and its metropolitan area has a population of over 1.2 million. As of 2010, Virginia Beach is the most populous city in the Commonwealth, with Norfolk and Chesapeake second and third, respectively. Norfolk forms the urban core of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area, which has a population over 1.6 million people and is the site of the world's largest naval base, Naval Station Norfolk. Suffolk, which includes a portion of the Great Dismal Swamp, is the largest city by area at 429.1 square miles (1,111 km2).

Fairfax County is the most populous locality in Virginia, with over one million residents, although that does not include its county seat Fairfax, which is one of the independent cities. Fairfax County has a major urban business and shopping center in Tysons Corner, Virginia's largest office market. Neighboring Loudoun County, with the county seat at Leesburg, is both the fastest-growing county in Virginia and has the highest median household income ($114,204) in the country as of 2010. Arlington County, the smallest self-governing county in the United States by land area, is an urban community organized as a county. The Roanoke area, with an estimated population of 300,399, is the largest Metropolitan Statistical Area in western Virginia.

Demographics

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the state population was 8,260,405 on July 1, 2013, a 3.2% increase since the 2010 United States Census. This includes an increase from net migration of 314,832 people into the Commonwealth since the 2000 census. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 159,627 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 155,205 people. The center of population is located in Louisa County outside of Richmond.

Ethnicity

The state's most populous ethnic group, Non-Hispanic White, has declined from 76% in 1990 to 63.6% in 2013. In 2011, non-Hispanic Whites were involved in 50.9% of all the births. People of English heritage settled throughout the Commonwealth during the colonial period, and others of British and Irish heritage have since immigrated. Those who self-identify as having "American ethnicity" are predominantly of English descent, but have ancestry that has been in North America for so long that they choose to identify simply as American. Of the English immigrants to Virginia in the 1600s, 75% came as indentured servants. The western mountains have many settlements that were founded by Scots-Irish immigrants before the American Revolution. There are also sizable numbers of people of German descent in the northwestern mountains and Shenandoah Valley, and German ancestry was the most popular response on the 2010 American Community Survey, with 11.7%. 2.9% of Virginians also describe themselves as biracial.

The largest minority group in Virginia is African American, at 19.7% as of 2013. Most African American Virginians have been descendants of enslaved Africans who worked on tobacco, cotton, and hemp plantations. These men, women and children were brought from west-central Africa, primarily from Angola and the Bight of Biafra. The Igbo ethnic group of what is now southern Nigeria were the single largest African group among slaves in Virginia. Though the black population was reduced by the Great Migration, since 1965 there has been a reverse migration of blacks returning south. According to the Pew Research Center, the state has the highest concentration of black and white interracial marriages.

More recent immigration in the late 20th century and early 21st century has fueled new communities of Hispanics and Asians. As of 2013, 8.6% of Virginians are Hispanic or Latino (of any race), and 6.1% are Asian. The state's Hispanic population rose by 92% from 2000 to 2010, with two-thirds of Hispanics living in Northern Virginia. Hispanic citizens in Virginia have higher median household incomes and educational attainment than the general Virginia population. Northern Virginia also has a significant population of Vietnamese Americans, whose major wave of immigration followed the Vietnam War, and Korean Americans, whose migration has been more recent and was induced in part by the quality school system. The Filipino American community has about 45,000 in the Hampton Roads area, many of whom have ties to the U.S. Navy and armed forces.

Additionally, 0.5% of Virginians are American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.1% are Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander. Virginia has extended state recognition to eight Native American tribes resident in the state, though all lack federal recognition status. Most Native American groups are located in the Tidewater region.

Languages

The Piedmont region is known for its dialect's strong influence on Southern American English. While a more homogenized American English is found in urban areas, various accents are also used, including the Tidewater accent, the Old Virginia accent, and the anachronistic Elizabethan of Tangier Island.

As of 2010, 85.87% (6,299,127) of Virginia residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 6.41% (470,058) spoke Spanish, 0.77% (56,518) Korean, 0.63% (45,881) Vietnamese, 0.57% (42,418) Chinese (which includes Mandarin), and Tagalog was spoken as a main language by 0.56% (40,724) of the population over the age of five. In total, 14.13% (1,036,442) of Virginia's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English. English was passed as the Commonwealth's official language by statutes in 1981 and again in 1996, though the status is not mandated by the Constitution of Virginia.

Religion

Virginia is predominantly Christian and Protestant; Baptists are the largest single group with 27% of the population as of 2008. Baptist congregations in Virginia have 763,655 members. Baptist denominational groups in Virginia include the Baptist General Association of Virginia, with about 1,400 member churches, which supports both the Southern Baptist Convention and the moderate Cooperative Baptist Fellowship; and the Southern Baptist Conservatives of Virginia with more than 500 affiliated churches, which supports the Southern Baptist Convention. Roman Catholics are the second-largest religious group with 673,853 members. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Arlington includes most of Northern Virginia's Catholic churches, while the Diocese of Richmond covers the rest.

The Virginia Conference is the regional body of the United Methodist Churchin most of the Commonwealth, while the Holston Conference represents much of extreme Southwest Virginia. The Virginia Synod is responsible for the congregations of the Lutheran Church. Presbyterian, Pentecostal, Congregationalist, and Episcopalian adherents each composed less than 2% of the population as of 2010. The Episcopal Diocese of Virginia, Southern Virginia, and Southwestern Virginia support the various Episcopal churches.

In November 2006, 15 conservative Episcopal churches voted to split from the Diocese of Virginia over the ordination of openly gay bishops and clergy in other dioceses of the Episcopal Church; these churches continue to claim affiliation with the larger Anglican Communion through other bodies outside the United States. Though Virginia law allows parishioners to determine their church's affiliation, the diocese claimed the secessionist churches' buildings and properties. The resulting property law case, ultimately decided in favor of the mainline diocese, was a test for Episcopal churches nationwide.

Among other religions, adherents of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints constitute 1% of the population, with 197 congregations in Virginia as of March 2014. Fairfax Station is the site of the Ekoji Buddhist Temple, of the Jodo Shinshu school, and the Hindu Durga Temple. While the state's Jewish population is small, organized Jewish sites date to 1789 with Congregation Beth Ahabah. Muslims are a growing religious group throughout the Commonwealth through immigration. Megachurches in the Commonwealth include Thomas Road Baptist Church, Immanuel Bible Church, and McLean Bible Church. Several Christian universities are also based in the state, including Regent University, Liberty University, and Lynchburg College.

Economy

Virginia is an employment-at-will state; its economy has diverse sources of income, including local and federal government, military, farming and business. Virginia has 4.1 million civilian workers, and one-third of the jobs are in the service sector. The unemployment rate in Virginia is among the lowest in the nation, at 5.2%, as of April 2013. The second fastest job growth town in the nation is Leesburg, as of 2011. The Gross Domestic Product of Virginia was $452 billion in 2013. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Virginia had the most counties in the top 100 wealthiest in the United States based upon median income in 2007. Northern Virginia is the highest-income region in Virginia, having six of the twenty highest-income counties in the United States, including the three highest as of 2011. According to CNN Money Magazine the highest-income town in the nation is Great Falls, as of 2011. According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, Virginia had the seventh-largest number of millionaires per capita in the United States, with a ratio of 6.64%.

Government

Virginia has the highest defense spending of any state per capita, providing the Commonwealth with around 900,000 jobs. 12% of all U.S. federal procurement money is spent in Virginia, the second-highest amount after California. Many Virginians work for federal agencies in Northern Virginia, which include the Central Intelligence Agency and the Department of Defense, as well as the National Science Foundation, the United States Geological Survey and the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Many others work for government contractors, including defense and security firms, which hold more than 15,000 federal contracts.

Virginia has one of the highest concentrations of veterans of any state, and is second to California in total Department of Defense employees. The Hampton Roads area has the largest concentration of military personnel and assets of any metropolitan area in the world, including the largest naval base in the world, Naval Station Norfolk. In its state government, Virginia employes 106,143 public employees, who combined have a median income of $44,656 as of 2013.

Business

Virginia has the highest concentration of technology workers of any state, and the fourth-highest number of technology workers after California, Texas, and New York. Computer chips became the state's highest-grossing export in 2006, surpassing its traditional top exports of coal and tobacco combined. Northern Virginia, once considered the state's dairy capital, now hosts software, communication technology, defense contracting companies, particularly in the Dulles Technology Corridor. The state has the highest average and peak Internet speeds in the United States, with the third-highest worldwide, and Northern Virginia's data centers carried 70% of the nation's internet traffic.

Virginia companies received the fourth-highest amount of venture capital funding in the first half of 2011 after California, Massachusetts, and New York. In 2009, Forbes Magazine named Virginia the best state in the nation for business for the fourth year in a row, while CNBC named it the top state for business in 2007, 2009, and 2011. Virginia has 20 Fortune 500 companies, ranking the state eighth nationwide. Tourism in Virginia supported an estimated 210,000 jobs and generated $21.2 billion in 2012. Arlington County is the top tourist destination in the state by domestic spending, followed by Fairfax County, Loudoun County, and Virginia Beach. Tysons Corner is one of the largest business districts in the nation.

Additionally, in 2014 a survey of 12,000 small business owners found Virginia to be one of the most friendly states for small businesses.

Agriculture

Agriculture occupies 32% of the land in Virginia. As of 2012, about 357,000 Virginian jobs were in agriculture, with over 47,000 farms, averaging 171 acres (0.27 sq mi; 0.69 km2), in a total farmland area of 8.1 million acres (12,656 sq mi; 32,780 km2). Though agriculture has declined significantly since 1960 when there were twice as many farms, it remains the largest single industry in Virginia. Tomatoes surpassed soy as the most profitable crop in Virginia in 2006, with peanuts and hay as other agricultural products. Although it is no longer the primary crop, Virginia is still the fifth-largest producer of tobacco nationwide. Eastern oyster harvests are an important part of the Chesapeake Bay economy, but declining oyster populations from disease, pollution, and overfishing have diminished catches. Wineries and vineyards in the Northern Neck and along the Blue Ridge Mountains also have begun to generate income and attract tourists.

Taxes

Virginia collects personal income tax in five income brackets, ranging from 3.0% to 5.75%. The state sales and use tax rate is 4.3%, while the tax rate on food is 1.5%. There is an additional 1% local tax, for a total of a 5.3% combined sales tax on most Virginia purchases and 2.5% on most food. Virginia's property tax is set and collected at the local government level and varies throughout the Commonwealth. Real estate is also taxed at the local level based on 100% of fair market value. Tangible personal property also is taxed at the local level and is based on a percentage or percentages of original cost.

Culture

Virginia's culture was popularized and spread across America and the South by figures such as George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Robert E. Lee. Their homes in Virginia represent the birthplace of America and the South. Modern Virginia culture has many sources, and is part of the culture of the Southern United States. The Smithsonian Institution divides Virginia into nine cultural regions.

Besides the general cuisine of the Southern United States, Virginia maintains its own particular traditions. Virginia wine is made in many parts of the state. Smithfield ham, sometimes called "Virginia ham", is a type of country ham which is protected by state law, and can only be produced in the town of Smithfield. Virginia furniture and architecture are typical of American colonial architecture. Thomas Jefferson and many of the state's early leaders favored the Neoclassical architecture style, leading to its use for important state buildings. The Pennsylvania Dutch and their style can also be found in parts of the state.

Literature in Virginia often deals with the state's extensive and sometimes troubled past. The works of Pulitzer Prize winner Ellen Glasgow often dealt with social inequalities and the role of women in her culture. Glasgow's peer and close friend James Branch Cabell wrote extensively about the changing position of gentry in the Reconstruction era, and challenged its moral code with Jurgen, A Comedy of Justice. William Styron approached history in works such as The Confessions of Nat Turner and Sophie's Choice. Tom Wolfe has occasionally dealt with his southern heritage in bestsellers like I Am Charlotte Simmons. Mount Vernon native Matt Bondurant received critical acclaim for his historic novel The Wettest County in the World about moonshiners in Franklin County during prohibition. Virginia also names a state Poet Laureate, currently Ron Smith of Richmond, who will serve until mid-2016.

Fine and performing arts

Rich in cultural heritage, Virginia ranks near the bottom of U.S. states in terms of public spending on the arts, at nearly half of the national average. The state government does fund some institutions, including the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts and the Science Museum of Virginia. Other museums include the popular Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center of the National Air and Space Museum and the Chrysler Museum of Art. Besides these sites, many open-air museums are located in the Commonwealth, such as Colonial Williamsburg, the Frontier Culture Museum, and various historic battlefields. The Virginia Foundation for the Humanities works to improve the Commonwealth's civic, cultural, and intellectual life.

Theaters and venues in the Commonwealth are found both in the cities and suburbs. The Harrison Opera House, in Norfolk, is home of the Virginia Opera. The Virginia Symphony Orchestra operates in and around Hampton Roads. Resident and touring theater troupes operate from the American Shakespeare Center in Staunton. The Barter Theatre, designated the State Theatre of Virginia, in Abingdon won the first ever Regional Theatre Tony Award in 1948, while the Signature Theatre in Arlington won it in 2009. There's also a Children's Theater of Virginia, Theatre IV, which is the second largest touring troupe nationwide.

Virginia has launched many award-winning traditional musical artists and internationally successful popular music acts, as well as Hollywood actors. Virginia is known for its tradition in the music genres of old-time string and bluegrass, with groups such as the Carter Family and Stanley Brothers, as well as gospel, blues, and shout bands. Contemporary Virginia is also known for folk rock artists like Dave Matthews and Jason Mraz, hip hop stars like Pharrell Williams and Missy Elliott, as well as thrash metal groups like GWAR and Lamb of God. Notable performance venues include The Birchmere, the Landmark Theater, and Jiffy Lube Live. Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts is located in Vienna and is the only national park intended for use as a performing arts center.

Festivals

Many counties and localities host county fairs and festivals. The Virginia State Fair is held at the Meadow Event Park every September. Also in September is the Neptune Festival in Virginia Beach, which celebrates the city, the waterfront, and regional artists. Norfolk's Harborfest, in June, features boat racing and air shows. Fairfax County also sponsors Celebrate Fairfax! with popular and traditional music performances. The Virginia Lake Festival is held during the third weekend in July in Clarksville. Wolf Trap hosts the Wolf Trap Opera Company, which produces an opera festival every summer. Each September, Bay Days celebrates the Chesapeake Bay as well as Hampton's 400 year history since 1610, and Isle of Wight County holds a County Fair on the second week of September as well. Both feature live music performances, and other unique events.

On the Eastern Shore island of Chincoteague the annual Pony Swim & Auction of feral Chincoteague ponies at the end of July is a unique local tradition expanded into a week-long carnival. The Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival is a six-day festival held annually in Winchester that includes parades and bluegrass concerts. The Old Time Fiddlers' Convention in Galax, begun in 1935, is one of the oldest and largest such events worldwide. Two important film festivals, the Virginia Film Festival and the VCU French Film Festival, are held annually in Charlottesville and Richmond, respectively.

Media

The Hampton Roads area is the 45th-largest media market in the United States as ranked by Nielsen Media Research, while the Richmond-Petersburg area is 57th and Roanoke-Lynchburg is 66th as of 2013. Northern Virginia is part of the much larger Washington, D.C. media market.

There are 36 television stations in Virginia, representing each major U.S. network, part of 42 stations which serve Virginia viewers. More than 720 FCC-licensed FM radio stations broadcast in Virginia, with about 300 such AM stations. The nationally available Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is headquartered in Arlington. Independent PBS affiliates exist throughout Virginia, and the Arlington PBS member station WETA-TV produces programs such as the PBS NewsHour and Washington Week.

The most circulated native newspapers in the Commonwealth are Norfolk's The Virginian-Pilot (142,476 daily subscribers), the Richmond Times-Dispatch (108,559), and The Roanoke Times (78,663), as of 2014. Several Washington, D.C. papers are based in Northern Virginia, such as The Washington Examiner and Politico. The paper with the nation's widest circulation, USA Today, with 1.83 million daily subscriptions, is headquartered in McLean. Besides traditional forms of media, Virginia is the home base for telecommunication companies such as Voxant and XO Communications. In Northern Virginia, The Washington Post is the dominant newspaper, since Northern VA is located in the Washington, DC metropolitan area.

Education

Virginia's educational system consistently ranks in the top ten states on the U.S. Department of Education's National Assessment of Educational Progress, with Virginia students outperforming the average in all subject areas and grade levels tested. The 2011 Quality Counts report ranked Virginia's K–12 education fourth best in the country. All school divisions must adhere to educational standards set forth by the Virginia Department of Education, which maintains an assessment and accreditation regime known as the Standards of Learning to ensure accountability. In 2010, 85% of high school students graduated on-time after four years. Between 2000 and 2008, school enrollment increased 5%, the number of teachers 21%.

Public K–12 schools in Virginia are generally operated by the counties and cities, and not by the state. As of 2011, a total of 1,267,063 students were enrolled in 1,873 local and regional schools in the Commonwealth, including three charter schools, and an additional 109 alternative and special education centers across 132 school divisions. Besides the general public schools in Virginia, there are Governor's Schools and selective magnet schools. The Governor's Schools are a collection of more than 40 regional high schools and summer programs intended for gifted students. The Virginia Council for Private Education oversees the regulation of 320 state accredited and 130 non-accredited private schools. An additional 24,682 students receive homeschooling.

As of 2011, there are 176 colleges and universities in Virginia. In the U.S. News & World Report ranking of public colleges, the University of Virginia is second, The College of William & Mary is sixth, and Virginia Tech is 25th. Virginia Commonwealth University is ranked the top public graduate school in fine arts, while James Madison University has been recognized as the top regional public master's program in The South since 1993. The Virginia Military Institute is the oldest state military college and a top ranked public liberal arts college. George Mason University is the largest university in Virginia with over 32,000 students. Virginia Tech and Virginia State University are the state's land-grant universities. Virginia also operates 23 community colleges on 40 campuses serving over 260,000 students. There are 129 private institutions, including Washington and Lee University, Randolph College, Hampden–Sydney College, Emory & Henry College, Roanoke College, and the University of Richmond, Randolph-Macon College.

Health

Virginia has a mixed health record, and is ranked as the 26th overall healthiest state according to the 2013 United Health Foundation's Health Rankings. Virginia also ranks 21st among the states in the rate of premature deaths, 6,816 per 100,000. In 2008, Virginia reached its lowest ever rate of infant mortality, at 6.7 deaths per 1,000. There are however racial and social health disparities, in 2010 African Americans experienced 28% more premature deaths than whites, while 13% of Virginians lack any health insurance. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 2009 survey, 26% of Virginians are obese and another 35% are overweight. 78% of residents claim to have exercised at least once in the past three months. About 30% of Virginia's 10- to 17-year-olds are overweight or obese. Virginia banned smoking in bars and restaurants in January 2010. 19% of Virginians smoke tobacco. Residents of Virginia's 8th congressional district share the longest average life expectancy rate in the nation, over 83 years.

There are 89 hospitals in Virginia listed with the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Notable examples include Inova Fairfax Hospital, the largest hospital in the Washington Metropolitan Area, and the VCU Medical Center, located on the medical campus of Virginia Commonwealth University. The University of Virginia Medical Center, part of the University of Virginia Health System, is highly ranked in endocrinology according to U.S.News & World Report. Sentara Norfolk General Hospital, part of the Hampton Roads based Sentara Health System and a teaching institution of Eastern Virginia Medical School, was the site of the first successful in-vitro fertilization birth. Virginia has a ratio of 127 primary care physicians per 10,000 residents, which is the 16th highest nationally. Virginia was one of five states to receive a perfect score in disaster preparedness according to a 2008 report by the Trust for America's Health, based on criteria such as detecting pathogens and distributing vaccines and medical supplies.

Transportation

Because of the 1932 Byrd Road Act, the state government controls most of Virginia's roads, instead of a local county authority as is usual in other states. As of 2011, the Virginia Department of Transportation owns and operates 57,867 miles (93,128 km) of the total 70,105 miles (112,823 km) of roads in the state, making it the third largest state highway system in the United States. Although the Washington Metropolitan Area, which includes Northern Virginia, has the second worst traffic in the nation, Virginia as a whole has the 21st-lowest congestion and the average commute time is 26.9 minutes.

Virginia has Amtrak passenger rail service along several corridors, and Virginia Railway Express (VRE) maintains two commuter lines into Washington, D.C. from Fredericksburg and Manassas. VRE is one of the nation's fastest growing commuter rail services, handling nearly 20,000 passengers a day. The Washington Metro rapid transit system serves Northern Virginia as far west as communities along I-66 in Fairfax County, with expansion plans to reach Loudoun County by 2017. Major freight railroads in Virginia include Norfolk Southern and CSX Transportation. Commuter buses include the Fairfax Connector and the Shenandoah Valley Commuter Bus. The Virginia Department of Transportation operates several free ferries throughout Virginia, the most notable being the Jamestown-Scotland ferry which crosses the James River in Surry County.

Virginia has five major airports: Washington Dulles International handling over 23 million passengers a year, and Reagan Washington National which both serve the Washington metropolitan area and most of Northern Virginia, Norfolk International serving the Hampton Roads area, Richmond International, and Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport. Several other airports offer limited commercial passenger service, and sixty-six public airports serve the state's aviation needs. The Virginia Port Authority's main seaports are those in Hampton Roads, which carried 17,726,251 short tons (16,080,984 t) of bulk cargo in 2007, the sixth most of United States ports. The Eastern Shore of Virginia is the site of Wallops Flight Facility, a rocket testing center owned by NASA, and the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, a commercial spaceport. Space tourism is also offered through Vienna-based Space Adventures.

Law and government

In colonial Virginia, free men elected the lower house of the legislature, called the House of Burgesses, which together with the Governor's Council, made the "General Assembly". Founded in 1619, the Virginia General Assembly is still in existence as the oldest legislature in the Western Hemisphere. The modern government is ranked by the Pew Center on the States with an A− in terms of its efficiency, effectiveness, and infrastructure. This is the second time Virginia received the highest grade in the nation, which it shares with two others.

Since 1971, the government has functioned under the seventh Constitution of Virginia, which provides for a strong legislature and a unified judicial system. Similar to the federal structure, the government is divided in three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislature is the General Assembly, a bicameral body whose 100-member House of Delegates and 40-member Senate write the laws for the Commonwealth. The Assembly is stronger than the executive, as it selects judges and justices. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected every four years in separate elections. Incumbent governors cannot run for re-election, however the Lieutenant Governor and Attorney General can, and governors may serve non-consecutive terms. The judicial system, the oldest in America, consists of a hierarchy from the Supreme Court of Virginia and the Court of Appeals of Virginia to the Circuit Courts, the trial courts of general jurisdiction, and the lower General District Courts and Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Courts.

The Code of Virginia is the statutory law, and consists of the codified legislation of the General Assembly. The Virginia State Police is the largest law enforcement agency in Virginia. The Virginia Capitol Police is the oldest police department in the United States. The Virginia National Guard consists of 7,500 soldiers in the Virginia Army National Guard and 1,200 airmen in the Virginia Air National Guard. Since the resumption of capital punishment in Virginia in 1982, 107 people have been executed, the second highest number in the nation. The "total crime risk" is 28% lower than the national average. Since Virginia ended prisoner parole in 1995, the rate of recidivism has fallen to 28.3%, among the lowest nationwide. Virginia is an open-carry state.

Politics

Over the 20th century, Virginia shifted from a largely rural, politically Southern and conservative state to a more urbanized, pluralistic, and politically moderate environment. Up until the 1970s, Virginia was a racially divided single-party state dominated by the Byrd Organization. The legacy of slavery in the state effectively disfranchised African Americans until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-1960s. Enfranchisement and immigration of other groups, especially Hispanics, have placed growing importance on minority voting, while voters that identify as "white working-class" declined by three percent between 2008 and 2012. Regional differences play a large part in Virginia politics. Rural southern and western areas moved to support the Republican Party in response to its "southern strategy", while urban and growing suburban areas, including much of Northern Virginia, form the Democratic Party base. Democratic support also persists in union-influenced parts of Southwest Virginia, college towns such as Charlottesville and Blacksburg, and the southeastern Black Belt Region.

Political party strength in Virginia has likewise been in flux. In the 2007 state elections, Democrats regained control of the State Senate, and narrowed the Republican majority in the House of Delegates to eight seats. Yet elections in 2009 resulted in the election of Republican Bob McDonnell as Governor by a seventeen point margin, the election of a Republican Lieutenant Governor and Attorney General, as well as Republican gains of six seats in the House of Delegates. In 2011, the Republican caucus took over two-thirds (68–32) of the seats in the House of Delegates, and a majority of the Senate based on the Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling as the tie-breaker. Following the 2013 elections, Democrat Terry McAuliffe was elected Governor by two and half percentage points, while Democrat Ralph Northam was elected Lieutenant Governor by almost double digits. Republicans, however, maintained their super-majority (68–32) in the House of Delegates. State election seasons traditionally start with the annual Shad Planking event in Wakefield.

In federal elections since 2006, both parties have seen successes. Republican Senator George Allen lost close races in 2006, to Democratic newcomer Jim Webb, and again in 2012, to Webb's replacement, former Governor Tim Kaine. In 2008, Democrats won both United States Senate seats; former Governor Mark Warner was elected to replace retiring Republican John Warner. Voting for Republican candidates in the previous ten presidential elections, Democrat Barack Obama carried Virginia's thirteen electoral votes in both the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections. In the 2010 elections, Republicans won three United States House of Representatives seats from the Democrats. Of the state's eleven seats in the House of Representatives, Republicans hold eight and Democrats hold three. Virginia is considered a "swing state" in future presidential elections.

Sports

Virginia is the most populous U.S. state without a major professional sports league franchise. The reasons for this include the lack of any dominant city or market within the state, the proximity of teams in Washington, D.C. and North Carolina, and a reluctance to publicly finance stadiums. Norfolk is host to the two highest-level minor league teams in the state: The AAA Norfolk Tides and the AHL's Norfolk Admirals, winners of the 2012 Calder Cup. The San Francisco Giants' AA team, the Richmond Flying Squirrels, began play at The Diamond in 2010, replacing the AAA Richmond Braves, who relocated after 2008. Additionally, the Washington Nationals, Boston Red Sox, Seattle Mariners, Chicago White Sox, and Atlanta Braves also have Single-A and Rookie-level farm teams in Virginia.

The Washington Redskins have Redskins Park, their headquarters, in Ashburn and their training facility is in Richmond, and the Washington Capitals train at Kettler Capitals Iceplex in Ballston. Virginia has many professional caliber golf courses including the Greg Norman course at Lansdowne Resort and Kingsmill Resort, home of the Kingsmill Championship. NASCAR currently schedules Sprint Cup races on two tracks in Virginia: Martinsville Speedway and Richmond International Raceway. Current Virginia drivers in the series include Jeff Burton, Denny Hamlin, and Elliott Sadler.

Virginia does not allow state appropriated funds to be used for either operational or capital expenses for intercollegiate athletics. Despite this, both the Virginia Cavaliers and Virginia Tech Hokies have been able to field competitive teams in the Atlantic Coast Conference and maintain modern facilities. Their rivalry is followed statewide. Several other universities compete in NCAA Division I, particularly in the Atlantic 10 Conference and Colonial Athletic Association. Three historically black schools compete in the Division II Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association, and two others compete in the Division I Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference. Several smaller schools compete in the Old Dominion Athletic Conference and the USA South Athletic Conference of NCAA Division III. The NCAA currently holds its Division III championships in football, men's basketball, volleyball and softball in Salem.

State symbols

The state nickname is its oldest symbol, though it has never been made official by law. Virginia was given the title "Dominion" by King Charles II of England at the time of The Restoration, because it had remained loyal to the crown during the English Civil War, and the present moniker, "Old Dominion" is a reference to that title. Charles' supporters were called Cavaliers, and "The Cavalier State" nickname was popularized after the American Civil War to romanticize the antebellum period. Sports teams from the University of Virginia are called the Cavaliers. The other nickname, "Mother of Presidents", is also historic, as eight Virginians have served as President of the United States, including four of the first five.

The state's motto, Sic Semper Tyrannis, translates from Latin as "Thus Always to Tyrants", and is used on the state seal, which is then used on the flag. While the seal was designed in 1776, and the flag was first used in the 1830s, both were made official in 1930. The majority of the other symbols were made official in the late 20th century. The Virginia reel is among the square dances classified as the state dance. Virginia currently has no state song. In 1940, Virginia made "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny" the state song, but it was retired in 1997 and reclassified as the state song emeritus. Various alternatives, including a version of "Oh Shenandoah", have met with resistance in the Virginia House of Delegates.

See also

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Virginia
  • History of Virginia
  • History of Virginia on stamps
  • Virginia in the American Civil War

References

Bibliography

External links

  • Virginia at DMOZ
  • Encyclopedia Virginia
Government
  • State Government website
  • Virginia General Assembly
  • Virginia's Judicial system
  • Constitution of Virginia
  • Virginia State and County Government Websites
Tourism and recreation
  • Virginia Tourism Website
  • Virginia State Parks
  • Virginia Main Street Communities Travel
Culture and history
  • Virginia Historical Society
  • Virginia's First People
  • WPA Guide to the Old Dominion
  • Library of Virginia
Maps and Demographics
  • USGS geographic resources of Virginia
  • Virginia State Climatology Office
  • Virginia State Facts from USDA, Economic Research Service
  • Geographic data related to Virginia at OpenStreetMap

Comments

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-11 14:49:29

You suck

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-11 14:48:12

Who is it

avatar 12
Caller Type: Text Message
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-11 12:25:57

what up girl

avatar 12
Caller Type: Harrassing Call
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-11 08:50:03

don't know number, no ID, called 8 times in 3 minutes

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-11 07:55:34

I keep getting calls and all they do is swear at and wont hang up the connection

avatar 12
Caller Type: Text Message
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-10 18:26:03

they just sent me a text message and asked for a copy of my Drivers license saying they are from a tax office

avatar 12
Caller Type: Telemarketer
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-10 15:07:16

Spanish speaker only. Three missed calls on my phone. Could not explain why I was called

avatar 12
Caller Type: Text Message
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-10 10:17:33

Won't stop texting me

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-10 02:00:53

OK

avatar 12
Caller Type: Hung Up
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-09 20:03:10

sz arizona

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-09 17:07:11

Been calling me 3 times a day and never talks and you can't call the number back . Put a block on it after today

avatar 12
Caller Type: Hung Up
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-09 12:21:56

Unknown

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-09 08:53:27

"Hello there, I'm the doctor from Pennsylvania..... blah blah blah, erectile dysfunction...... blah blah blah....breakthrough treatment... blah blah blah. Give me a break ya fraud. Get a real job.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-09 08:53:03

Do not answer

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-09 08:37:09

Just another unknown caller who left no message. Probably either a wrong number or a telemarketer. Joe

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-09 08:14:46

What is this? All I want is the reverse lookup for a telephone number. Used to be able to get that info from the phone company back in the day, now everyone's trying to make a fast buck off of this.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-09 05:17:09

left no message

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-08 21:07:06

kk

avatar 12
Caller Type: Helpful
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-08 17:56:29

great

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Guest in Phone Number 2019-04-08 16:12:07

Speaking spanish & left voicemail

Search Phone Number

Your Comment

(1 + 8 = ? )

Similar phone numbers

8048887000 , 804-888-7000 8048887001 , 804-888-7001 8048887002 , 804-888-7002 8048887003 , 804-888-7003 8048887004 , 804-888-7004 8048887005 , 804-888-7005 8048887006 , 804-888-7006 8048887007 , 804-888-7007 8048887008 , 804-888-7008 8048887009 , 804-888-7009 8048887010 , 804-888-7010 8048887011 , 804-888-7011 8048887012 , 804-888-7012 8048887013 , 804-888-7013 8048887014 , 804-888-7014 8048887015 , 804-888-7015 8048887016 , 804-888-7016 8048887017 , 804-888-7017 8048887018 , 804-888-7018 8048887019 , 804-888-7019 8048887020 , 804-888-7020 8048887021 , 804-888-7021 8048887022 , 804-888-7022 8048887023 , 804-888-7023 8048887024 , 804-888-7024 8048887025 , 804-888-7025 8048887026 , 804-888-7026 8048887027 , 804-888-7027 8048887028 , 804-888-7028 8048887029 , 804-888-7029 8048887030 , 804-888-7030 8048887031 , 804-888-7031 8048887032 , 804-888-7032 8048887033 , 804-888-7033 8048887034 , 804-888-7034 8048887035 , 804-888-7035 8048887036 , 804-888-7036 8048887037 , 804-888-7037 8048887038 , 804-888-7038 8048887039 , 804-888-7039 8048887040 , 804-888-7040 8048887041 , 804-888-7041 8048887042 , 804-888-7042 8048887043 , 804-888-7043 8048887044 , 804-888-7044 8048887045 , 804-888-7045 8048887046 , 804-888-7046 8048887047 , 804-888-7047 8048887048 , 804-888-7048 8048887049 , 804-888-7049 8048887050 , 804-888-7050 8048887051 , 804-888-7051 8048887052 , 804-888-7052 8048887053 , 804-888-7053 8048887054 , 804-888-7054 8048887055 , 804-888-7055 8048887056 , 804-888-7056 8048887057 , 804-888-7057 8048887058 , 804-888-7058 8048887059 , 804-888-7059 8048887060 , 804-888-7060 8048887061 , 804-888-7061 8048887062 , 804-888-7062 8048887063 , 804-888-7063 8048887064 , 804-888-7064 8048887065 , 804-888-7065 8048887066 , 804-888-7066 8048887067 , 804-888-7067 8048887068 , 804-888-7068 8048887069 , 804-888-7069 8048887070 , 804-888-7070 8048887071 , 804-888-7071 8048887072 , 804-888-7072 8048887073 , 804-888-7073 8048887074 , 804-888-7074 8048887075 , 804-888-7075 8048887076 , 804-888-7076 8048887077 , 804-888-7077 8048887078 , 804-888-7078 8048887079 , 804-888-7079 8048887080 , 804-888-7080 8048887081 , 804-888-7081 8048887082 , 804-888-7082 8048887083 , 804-888-7083 8048887084 , 804-888-7084 8048887085 , 804-888-7085 8048887086 , 804-888-7086 8048887087 , 804-888-7087 8048887088 , 804-888-7088 8048887089 , 804-888-7089 8048887090 , 804-888-7090 8048887091 , 804-888-7091 8048887092 , 804-888-7092 8048887093 , 804-888-7093 8048887094 , 804-888-7094 8048887095 , 804-888-7095 8048887096 , 804-888-7096 8048887097 , 804-888-7097 8048887098 , 804-888-7098 8048887099 , 804-888-7099 8048887100 , 804-888-7100 8048887101 , 804-888-7101 8048887102 , 804-888-7102 8048887103 , 804-888-7103 8048887104 , 804-888-7104 8048887105 , 804-888-7105 8048887106 , 804-888-7106 8048887107 , 804-888-7107 8048887108 , 804-888-7108 8048887109 , 804-888-7109 8048887110 , 804-888-7110 8048887111 , 804-888-7111 8048887112 , 804-888-7112 8048887113 , 804-888-7113 8048887114 , 804-888-7114 8048887115 , 804-888-7115 8048887116 , 804-888-7116 8048887117 , 804-888-7117 8048887118 , 804-888-7118 8048887119 , 804-888-7119 8048887120 , 804-888-7120 8048887121 , 804-888-7121 8048887122 , 804-888-7122 8048887123 , 804-888-7123 8048887124 , 804-888-7124 8048887125 , 804-888-7125 8048887126 , 804-888-7126 8048887127 , 804-888-7127 8048887128 , 804-888-7128 8048887129 , 804-888-7129 8048887130 , 804-888-7130 8048887131 , 804-888-7131 8048887132 , 804-888-7132 8048887133 , 804-888-7133 8048887134 , 804-888-7134 8048887135 , 804-888-7135 8048887136 , 804-888-7136 8048887137 , 804-888-7137 8048887138 , 804-888-7138 8048887139 , 804-888-7139 8048887140 , 804-888-7140 8048887141 , 804-888-7141 8048887142 , 804-888-7142 8048887143 , 804-888-7143 8048887144 , 804-888-7144 8048887145 , 804-888-7145 8048887146 , 804-888-7146 8048887147 , 804-888-7147 8048887148 , 804-888-7148 8048887149 , 804-888-7149 8048887150 , 804-888-7150 8048887151 , 804-888-7151 8048887152 , 804-888-7152 8048887153 , 804-888-7153 8048887154 , 804-888-7154 8048887155 , 804-888-7155 8048887156 , 804-888-7156 8048887157 , 804-888-7157 8048887158 , 804-888-7158 8048887159 , 804-888-7159 8048887160 , 804-888-7160 8048887161 , 804-888-7161 8048887162 , 804-888-7162 8048887163 , 804-888-7163 8048887164 , 804-888-7164 8048887165 , 804-888-7165 8048887166 , 804-888-7166 8048887167 , 804-888-7167 8048887168 , 804-888-7168 8048887169 , 804-888-7169 8048887170 , 804-888-7170 8048887171 , 804-888-7171 8048887172 , 804-888-7172 8048887173 , 804-888-7173 8048887174 , 804-888-7174 8048887175 , 804-888-7175 8048887176 , 804-888-7176 8048887177 , 804-888-7177 8048887178 , 804-888-7178 8048887179 , 804-888-7179 8048887180 , 804-888-7180 8048887181 , 804-888-7181 8048887182 , 804-888-7182 8048887183 , 804-888-7183 8048887184 , 804-888-7184 8048887185 , 804-888-7185 8048887186 , 804-888-7186 8048887187 , 804-888-7187 8048887188 , 804-888-7188 8048887189 , 804-888-7189 8048887190 , 804-888-7190 8048887191 , 804-888-7191 8048887192 , 804-888-7192 8048887193 , 804-888-7193 8048887194 , 804-888-7194 8048887195 , 804-888-7195 8048887196 , 804-888-7196 8048887197 , 804-888-7197 8048887198 , 804-888-7198 8048887199 , 804-888-7199 8048887200 , 804-888-7200 8048887201 , 804-888-7201 8048887202 , 804-888-7202 8048887203 , 804-888-7203 8048887204 , 804-888-7204 8048887205 , 804-888-7205 8048887206 , 804-888-7206 8048887207 , 804-888-7207 8048887208 , 804-888-7208 8048887209 , 804-888-7209 8048887210 , 804-888-7210 8048887211 , 804-888-7211 8048887212 , 804-888-7212 8048887213 , 804-888-7213 8048887214 , 804-888-7214 8048887215 , 804-888-7215 8048887216 , 804-888-7216 8048887217 , 804-888-7217 8048887218 , 804-888-7218 8048887219 , 804-888-7219 8048887220 , 804-888-7220 8048887221 , 804-888-7221 8048887222 , 804-888-7222 8048887223 , 804-888-7223 8048887224 , 804-888-7224 8048887225 , 804-888-7225 8048887226 , 804-888-7226 8048887227 , 804-888-7227 8048887228 , 804-888-7228 8048887229 , 804-888-7229 8048887230 , 804-888-7230 8048887231 , 804-888-7231 8048887232 , 804-888-7232 8048887233 , 804-888-7233 8048887234 , 804-888-7234 8048887235 , 804-888-7235 8048887236 , 804-888-7236 8048887237 , 804-888-7237 8048887238 , 804-888-7238 8048887239 , 804-888-7239 8048887240 , 804-888-7240 8048887241 , 804-888-7241 8048887242 , 804-888-7242 8048887243 , 804-888-7243 8048887244 , 804-888-7244 8048887245 , 804-888-7245 8048887246 , 804-888-7246 8048887247 , 804-888-7247 8048887248 , 804-888-7248 8048887249 , 804-888-7249 8048887250 , 804-888-7250 8048887251 , 804-888-7251 8048887252 , 804-888-7252 8048887253 , 804-888-7253 8048887254 , 804-888-7254 8048887255 , 804-888-7255 8048887256 , 804-888-7256 8048887257 , 804-888-7257 8048887258 , 804-888-7258 8048887259 , 804-888-7259 8048887260 , 804-888-7260 8048887261 , 804-888-7261 8048887262 , 804-888-7262 8048887263 , 804-888-7263 8048887264 , 804-888-7264 8048887265 , 804-888-7265 8048887266 , 804-888-7266 8048887267 , 804-888-7267 8048887268 , 804-888-7268 8048887269 , 804-888-7269 8048887270 , 804-888-7270 8048887271 , 804-888-7271 8048887272 , 804-888-7272 8048887273 , 804-888-7273 8048887274 , 804-888-7274 8048887275 , 804-888-7275 8048887276 , 804-888-7276 8048887277 , 804-888-7277 8048887278 , 804-888-7278 8048887279 , 804-888-7279 8048887280 , 804-888-7280 8048887281 , 804-888-7281 8048887282 , 804-888-7282 8048887283 , 804-888-7283 8048887284 , 804-888-7284 8048887285 , 804-888-7285 8048887286 , 804-888-7286 8048887287 , 804-888-7287 8048887288 , 804-888-7288 8048887289 , 804-888-7289 8048887290 , 804-888-7290 8048887291 , 804-888-7291 8048887292 , 804-888-7292 8048887293 , 804-888-7293 8048887294 , 804-888-7294 8048887295 , 804-888-7295 8048887296 , 804-888-7296 8048887297 , 804-888-7297 8048887298 , 804-888-7298 8048887299 , 804-888-7299 8048887300 , 804-888-7300 8048887301 , 804-888-7301 8048887302 , 804-888-7302 8048887303 , 804-888-7303 8048887304 , 804-888-7304 8048887305 , 804-888-7305 8048887306 , 804-888-7306 8048887307 , 804-888-7307 8048887308 , 804-888-7308 8048887309 , 804-888-7309 8048887310 , 804-888-7310 8048887311 , 804-888-7311 8048887312 , 804-888-7312 8048887313 , 804-888-7313 8048887314 , 804-888-7314 8048887315 , 804-888-7315 8048887316 , 804-888-7316 8048887317 , 804-888-7317 8048887318 , 804-888-7318 8048887319 , 804-888-7319 8048887320 , 804-888-7320 8048887321 , 804-888-7321 8048887322 , 804-888-7322 8048887323 , 804-888-7323 8048887324 , 804-888-7324 8048887325 , 804-888-7325 8048887326 , 804-888-7326 8048887327 , 804-888-7327 8048887328 , 804-888-7328 8048887329 , 804-888-7329 8048887330 , 804-888-7330 8048887331 , 804-888-7331 8048887332 , 804-888-7332 8048887333 , 804-888-7333 8048887334 , 804-888-7334 8048887335 , 804-888-7335 8048887336 , 804-888-7336 8048887337 , 804-888-7337 8048887338 , 804-888-7338 8048887339 , 804-888-7339 8048887340 , 804-888-7340 8048887341 , 804-888-7341 8048887342 , 804-888-7342 8048887343 , 804-888-7343 8048887344 , 804-888-7344 8048887345 , 804-888-7345 8048887346 , 804-888-7346 8048887347 , 804-888-7347 8048887348 , 804-888-7348 8048887349 , 804-888-7349 8048887350 , 804-888-7350 8048887351 , 804-888-7351 8048887352 , 804-888-7352 8048887353 , 804-888-7353 8048887354 , 804-888-7354 8048887355 , 804-888-7355 8048887356 , 804-888-7356 8048887357 , 804-888-7357 8048887358 , 804-888-7358 8048887359 , 804-888-7359 8048887360 , 804-888-7360 8048887361 , 804-888-7361 8048887362 , 804-888-7362 8048887363 , 804-888-7363 8048887364 , 804-888-7364 8048887365 , 804-888-7365 8048887366 , 804-888-7366 8048887367 , 804-888-7367 8048887368 , 804-888-7368 8048887369 , 804-888-7369 8048887370 , 804-888-7370 8048887371 , 804-888-7371 8048887372 , 804-888-7372 8048887373 , 804-888-7373 8048887374 , 804-888-7374 8048887375 , 804-888-7375 8048887376 , 804-888-7376 8048887377 , 804-888-7377 8048887378 , 804-888-7378 8048887379 , 804-888-7379 8048887380 , 804-888-7380 8048887381 , 804-888-7381 8048887382 , 804-888-7382 8048887383 , 804-888-7383 8048887384 , 804-888-7384 8048887385 , 804-888-7385 8048887386 , 804-888-7386 8048887387 , 804-888-7387 8048887388 , 804-888-7388 8048887389 , 804-888-7389 8048887390 , 804-888-7390 8048887391 , 804-888-7391 8048887392 , 804-888-7392 8048887393 , 804-888-7393 8048887394 , 804-888-7394 8048887395 , 804-888-7395 8048887396 , 804-888-7396 8048887397 , 804-888-7397 8048887398 , 804-888-7398 8048887399 , 804-888-7399 8048887400 , 804-888-7400 8048887401 , 804-888-7401 8048887402 , 804-888-7402 8048887403 , 804-888-7403 8048887404 , 804-888-7404 8048887405 , 804-888-7405 8048887406 , 804-888-7406 8048887407 , 804-888-7407 8048887408 , 804-888-7408 8048887409 , 804-888-7409 8048887410 , 804-888-7410 8048887411 , 804-888-7411 8048887412 , 804-888-7412 8048887413 , 804-888-7413 8048887414 , 804-888-7414 8048887415 , 804-888-7415 8048887416 , 804-888-7416 8048887417 , 804-888-7417 8048887418 , 804-888-7418 8048887419 , 804-888-7419 8048887420 , 804-888-7420 8048887421 , 804-888-7421 8048887422 , 804-888-7422 8048887423 , 804-888-7423 8048887424 , 804-888-7424 8048887425 , 804-888-7425 8048887426 , 804-888-7426 8048887427 , 804-888-7427 8048887428 , 804-888-7428 8048887429 , 804-888-7429 8048887430 , 804-888-7430 8048887431 , 804-888-7431 8048887432 , 804-888-7432 8048887433 , 804-888-7433 8048887434 , 804-888-7434 8048887435 , 804-888-7435 8048887436 , 804-888-7436 8048887437 , 804-888-7437 8048887438 , 804-888-7438 8048887439 , 804-888-7439 8048887440 , 804-888-7440 8048887441 , 804-888-7441 8048887442 , 804-888-7442 8048887443 , 804-888-7443 8048887444 , 804-888-7444 8048887445 , 804-888-7445 8048887446 , 804-888-7446 8048887447 , 804-888-7447 8048887448 , 804-888-7448 8048887449 , 804-888-7449 8048887450 , 804-888-7450 8048887451 , 804-888-7451 8048887452 , 804-888-7452 8048887453 , 804-888-7453 8048887454 , 804-888-7454 8048887455 , 804-888-7455 8048887456 , 804-888-7456 8048887457 , 804-888-7457 8048887458 , 804-888-7458 8048887459 , 804-888-7459 8048887460 , 804-888-7460 8048887461 , 804-888-7461 8048887462 , 804-888-7462 8048887463 , 804-888-7463 8048887464 , 804-888-7464 8048887465 , 804-888-7465 8048887466 , 804-888-7466 8048887467 , 804-888-7467 8048887468 , 804-888-7468 8048887469 , 804-888-7469 8048887470 , 804-888-7470 8048887471 , 804-888-7471 8048887472 , 804-888-7472 8048887473 , 804-888-7473 8048887474 , 804-888-7474 8048887475 , 804-888-7475 8048887476 , 804-888-7476 8048887477 , 804-888-7477 8048887478 , 804-888-7478 8048887479 , 804-888-7479 8048887480 , 804-888-7480 8048887481 , 804-888-7481 8048887482 , 804-888-7482 8048887483 , 804-888-7483 8048887484 , 804-888-7484 8048887485 , 804-888-7485 8048887486 , 804-888-7486 8048887487 , 804-888-7487 8048887488 , 804-888-7488 8048887489 , 804-888-7489 8048887490 , 804-888-7490 8048887491 , 804-888-7491 8048887492 , 804-888-7492 8048887493 , 804-888-7493 8048887494 , 804-888-7494 8048887495 , 804-888-7495 8048887496 , 804-888-7496 8048887497 , 804-888-7497 8048887498 , 804-888-7498 8048887499 , 804-888-7499 8048887500 , 804-888-7500 8048887501 , 804-888-7501 8048887502 , 804-888-7502 8048887503 , 804-888-7503 8048887504 , 804-888-7504 8048887505 , 804-888-7505 8048887506 , 804-888-7506 8048887507 , 804-888-7507 8048887508 , 804-888-7508 8048887509 , 804-888-7509 8048887510 , 804-888-7510 8048887511 , 804-888-7511 8048887512 , 804-888-7512 8048887513 , 804-888-7513 8048887514 , 804-888-7514 8048887515 , 804-888-7515 8048887516 , 804-888-7516 8048887517 , 804-888-7517 8048887518 , 804-888-7518 8048887519 , 804-888-7519 8048887520 , 804-888-7520 8048887521 , 804-888-7521 8048887522 , 804-888-7522 8048887523 , 804-888-7523 8048887524 , 804-888-7524 8048887525 , 804-888-7525 8048887526 , 804-888-7526 8048887527 , 804-888-7527 8048887528 , 804-888-7528 8048887529 , 804-888-7529 8048887530 , 804-888-7530 8048887531 , 804-888-7531 8048887532 , 804-888-7532 8048887533 , 804-888-7533 8048887534 , 804-888-7534 8048887535 , 804-888-7535 8048887536 , 804-888-7536 8048887537 , 804-888-7537 8048887538 , 804-888-7538 8048887539 , 804-888-7539 8048887540 , 804-888-7540 8048887541 , 804-888-7541 8048887542 , 804-888-7542 8048887543 , 804-888-7543 8048887544 , 804-888-7544 8048887545 , 804-888-7545 8048887546 , 804-888-7546 8048887547 , 804-888-7547 8048887548 , 804-888-7548 8048887549 , 804-888-7549 8048887550 , 804-888-7550 8048887551 , 804-888-7551 8048887552 , 804-888-7552 8048887553 , 804-888-7553 8048887554 , 804-888-7554 8048887555 , 804-888-7555 8048887556 , 804-888-7556 8048887557 , 804-888-7557 8048887558 , 804-888-7558 8048887559 , 804-888-7559 8048887560 , 804-888-7560 8048887561 , 804-888-7561 8048887562 , 804-888-7562 8048887563 , 804-888-7563 8048887564 , 804-888-7564 8048887565 , 804-888-7565 8048887566 , 804-888-7566 8048887567 , 804-888-7567 8048887568 , 804-888-7568 8048887569 , 804-888-7569 8048887570 , 804-888-7570 8048887571 , 804-888-7571 8048887572 , 804-888-7572 8048887573 , 804-888-7573 8048887574 , 804-888-7574 8048887575 , 804-888-7575 8048887576 , 804-888-7576 8048887577 , 804-888-7577 8048887578 , 804-888-7578 8048887579 , 804-888-7579 8048887580 , 804-888-7580 8048887581 , 804-888-7581 8048887582 , 804-888-7582 8048887583 , 804-888-7583 8048887584 , 804-888-7584 8048887585 , 804-888-7585 8048887586 , 804-888-7586 8048887587 , 804-888-7587 8048887588 , 804-888-7588 8048887589 , 804-888-7589 8048887590 , 804-888-7590 8048887591 , 804-888-7591 8048887592 , 804-888-7592 8048887593 , 804-888-7593 8048887594 , 804-888-7594 8048887595 , 804-888-7595 8048887596 , 804-888-7596 8048887597 , 804-888-7597 8048887598 , 804-888-7598 8048887599 , 804-888-7599 8048887600 , 804-888-7600 8048887601 , 804-888-7601 8048887602 , 804-888-7602 8048887603 , 804-888-7603 8048887604 , 804-888-7604 8048887605 , 804-888-7605 8048887606 , 804-888-7606 8048887607 , 804-888-7607 8048887608 , 804-888-7608 8048887609 , 804-888-7609 8048887610 , 804-888-7610 8048887611 , 804-888-7611 8048887612 , 804-888-7612 8048887613 , 804-888-7613 8048887614 , 804-888-7614 8048887615 , 804-888-7615 8048887616 , 804-888-7616 8048887617 , 804-888-7617 8048887618 , 804-888-7618 8048887619 , 804-888-7619 8048887620 , 804-888-7620 8048887621 , 804-888-7621 8048887622 , 804-888-7622 8048887623 , 804-888-7623 8048887624 , 804-888-7624 8048887625 , 804-888-7625 8048887626 , 804-888-7626 8048887627 , 804-888-7627 8048887628 , 804-888-7628 8048887629 , 804-888-7629 8048887630 , 804-888-7630 8048887631 , 804-888-7631 8048887632 , 804-888-7632 8048887633 , 804-888-7633 8048887634 , 804-888-7634 8048887635 , 804-888-7635 8048887636 , 804-888-7636 8048887637 , 804-888-7637 8048887638 , 804-888-7638 8048887639 , 804-888-7639 8048887640 , 804-888-7640 8048887641 , 804-888-7641 8048887642 , 804-888-7642 8048887643 , 804-888-7643 8048887644 , 804-888-7644 8048887645 , 804-888-7645 8048887646 , 804-888-7646 8048887647 , 804-888-7647 8048887648 , 804-888-7648 8048887649 , 804-888-7649 8048887650 , 804-888-7650 8048887651 , 804-888-7651 8048887652 , 804-888-7652 8048887653 , 804-888-7653 8048887654 , 804-888-7654 8048887655 , 804-888-7655 8048887656 , 804-888-7656 8048887657 , 804-888-7657 8048887658 , 804-888-7658 8048887659 , 804-888-7659 8048887660 , 804-888-7660 8048887661 , 804-888-7661 8048887662 , 804-888-7662 8048887663 , 804-888-7663 8048887664 , 804-888-7664 8048887665 , 804-888-7665 8048887666 , 804-888-7666 8048887667 , 804-888-7667 8048887668 , 804-888-7668 8048887669 , 804-888-7669 8048887670 , 804-888-7670 8048887671 , 804-888-7671 8048887672 , 804-888-7672 8048887673 , 804-888-7673 8048887674 , 804-888-7674 8048887675 , 804-888-7675 8048887676 , 804-888-7676 8048887677 , 804-888-7677 8048887678 , 804-888-7678 8048887679 , 804-888-7679 8048887680 , 804-888-7680 8048887681 , 804-888-7681 8048887682 , 804-888-7682 8048887683 , 804-888-7683 8048887684 , 804-888-7684 8048887685 , 804-888-7685 8048887686 , 804-888-7686 8048887687 , 804-888-7687 8048887688 , 804-888-7688 8048887689 , 804-888-7689 8048887690 , 804-888-7690 8048887691 , 804-888-7691 8048887692 , 804-888-7692 8048887693 , 804-888-7693 8048887694 , 804-888-7694 8048887695 , 804-888-7695 8048887696 , 804-888-7696 8048887697 , 804-888-7697 8048887698 , 804-888-7698 8048887699 , 804-888-7699 8048887700 , 804-888-7700 8048887701 , 804-888-7701 8048887702 , 804-888-7702 8048887703 , 804-888-7703 8048887704 , 804-888-7704 8048887705 , 804-888-7705 8048887706 , 804-888-7706 8048887707 , 804-888-7707 8048887708 , 804-888-7708 8048887709 , 804-888-7709 8048887710 , 804-888-7710 8048887711 , 804-888-7711 8048887712 , 804-888-7712 8048887713 , 804-888-7713 8048887714 , 804-888-7714 8048887715 , 804-888-7715 8048887716 , 804-888-7716 8048887717 , 804-888-7717 8048887718 , 804-888-7718 8048887719 , 804-888-7719 8048887720 , 804-888-7720 8048887721 , 804-888-7721 8048887722 , 804-888-7722 8048887723 , 804-888-7723 8048887724 , 804-888-7724 8048887725 , 804-888-7725 8048887726 , 804-888-7726 8048887727 , 804-888-7727 8048887728 , 804-888-7728 8048887729 , 804-888-7729 8048887730 , 804-888-7730 8048887731 , 804-888-7731 8048887732 , 804-888-7732 8048887733 , 804-888-7733 8048887734 , 804-888-7734 8048887735 , 804-888-7735 8048887736 , 804-888-7736 8048887737 , 804-888-7737 8048887738 , 804-888-7738 8048887739 , 804-888-7739 8048887740 , 804-888-7740 8048887741 , 804-888-7741 8048887742 , 804-888-7742 8048887743 , 804-888-7743 8048887744 , 804-888-7744 8048887745 , 804-888-7745 8048887746 , 804-888-7746 8048887747 , 804-888-7747 8048887748 , 804-888-7748 8048887749 , 804-888-7749 8048887750 , 804-888-7750 8048887751 , 804-888-7751 8048887752 , 804-888-7752 8048887753 , 804-888-7753 8048887754 , 804-888-7754 8048887755 , 804-888-7755 8048887756 , 804-888-7756 8048887757 , 804-888-7757 8048887758 , 804-888-7758 8048887759 , 804-888-7759 8048887760 , 804-888-7760 8048887761 , 804-888-7761 8048887762 , 804-888-7762 8048887763 , 804-888-7763 8048887764 , 804-888-7764 8048887765 , 804-888-7765 8048887766 , 804-888-7766 8048887767 , 804-888-7767 8048887768 , 804-888-7768 8048887769 , 804-888-7769 8048887770 , 804-888-7770 8048887771 , 804-888-7771 8048887772 , 804-888-7772 8048887773 , 804-888-7773 8048887774 , 804-888-7774 8048887775 , 804-888-7775 8048887776 , 804-888-7776 8048887777 , 804-888-7777 8048887778 , 804-888-7778 8048887779 , 804-888-7779 8048887780 , 804-888-7780 8048887781 , 804-888-7781 8048887782 , 804-888-7782 8048887783 , 804-888-7783 8048887784 , 804-888-7784 8048887785 , 804-888-7785 8048887786 , 804-888-7786 8048887787 , 804-888-7787 8048887788 , 804-888-7788 8048887789 , 804-888-7789 8048887790 , 804-888-7790 8048887791 , 804-888-7791 8048887792 , 804-888-7792 8048887793 , 804-888-7793 8048887794 , 804-888-7794 8048887795 , 804-888-7795 8048887796 , 804-888-7796 8048887797 , 804-888-7797 8048887798 , 804-888-7798 8048887799 , 804-888-7799 8048887800 , 804-888-7800 8048887801 , 804-888-7801 8048887802 , 804-888-7802 8048887803 , 804-888-7803 8048887804 , 804-888-7804 8048887805 , 804-888-7805 8048887806 , 804-888-7806 8048887807 , 804-888-7807 8048887808 , 804-888-7808 8048887809 , 804-888-7809 8048887810 , 804-888-7810 8048887811 , 804-888-7811 8048887812 , 804-888-7812 8048887813 , 804-888-7813 8048887814 , 804-888-7814 8048887815 , 804-888-7815 8048887816 , 804-888-7816 8048887817 , 804-888-7817 8048887818 , 804-888-7818 8048887819 , 804-888-7819 8048887820 , 804-888-7820 8048887821 , 804-888-7821 8048887822 , 804-888-7822 8048887823 , 804-888-7823 8048887824 , 804-888-7824 8048887825 , 804-888-7825 8048887826 , 804-888-7826 8048887827 , 804-888-7827 8048887828 , 804-888-7828 8048887829 , 804-888-7829 8048887830 , 804-888-7830 8048887831 , 804-888-7831 8048887832 , 804-888-7832 8048887833 , 804-888-7833 8048887834 , 804-888-7834 8048887835 , 804-888-7835 8048887836 , 804-888-7836 8048887837 , 804-888-7837 8048887838 , 804-888-7838 8048887839 , 804-888-7839 8048887840 , 804-888-7840 8048887841 , 804-888-7841 8048887842 , 804-888-7842 8048887843 , 804-888-7843 8048887844 , 804-888-7844 8048887845 , 804-888-7845 8048887846 , 804-888-7846 8048887847 , 804-888-7847 8048887848 , 804-888-7848 8048887849 , 804-888-7849 8048887850 , 804-888-7850 8048887851 , 804-888-7851 8048887852 , 804-888-7852 8048887853 , 804-888-7853 8048887854 , 804-888-7854 8048887855 , 804-888-7855 8048887856 , 804-888-7856 8048887857 , 804-888-7857 8048887858 , 804-888-7858 8048887859 , 804-888-7859 8048887860 , 804-888-7860 8048887861 , 804-888-7861 8048887862 , 804-888-7862 8048887863 , 804-888-7863 8048887864 , 804-888-7864 8048887865 , 804-888-7865 8048887866 , 804-888-7866 8048887867 , 804-888-7867 8048887868 , 804-888-7868 8048887869 , 804-888-7869 8048887870 , 804-888-7870 8048887871 , 804-888-7871 8048887872 , 804-888-7872 8048887873 , 804-888-7873 8048887874 , 804-888-7874 8048887875 , 804-888-7875 8048887876 , 804-888-7876 8048887877 , 804-888-7877 8048887878 , 804-888-7878 8048887879 , 804-888-7879 8048887880 , 804-888-7880 8048887881 , 804-888-7881 8048887882 , 804-888-7882 8048887883 , 804-888-7883 8048887884 , 804-888-7884 8048887885 , 804-888-7885 8048887886 , 804-888-7886 8048887887 , 804-888-7887 8048887888 , 804-888-7888 8048887889 , 804-888-7889 8048887890 , 804-888-7890 8048887891 , 804-888-7891 8048887892 , 804-888-7892 8048887893 , 804-888-7893 8048887894 , 804-888-7894 8048887895 , 804-888-7895 8048887896 , 804-888-7896 8048887897 , 804-888-7897 8048887898 , 804-888-7898 8048887899 , 804-888-7899 8048887900 , 804-888-7900 8048887901 , 804-888-7901 8048887902 , 804-888-7902 8048887903 , 804-888-7903 8048887904 , 804-888-7904 8048887905 , 804-888-7905 8048887906 , 804-888-7906 8048887907 , 804-888-7907 8048887908 , 804-888-7908 8048887909 , 804-888-7909 8048887910 , 804-888-7910 8048887911 , 804-888-7911 8048887912 , 804-888-7912 8048887913 , 804-888-7913 8048887914 , 804-888-7914 8048887915 , 804-888-7915 8048887916 , 804-888-7916 8048887917 , 804-888-7917 8048887918 , 804-888-7918 8048887919 , 804-888-7919 8048887920 , 804-888-7920 8048887921 , 804-888-7921 8048887922 , 804-888-7922 8048887923 , 804-888-7923 8048887924 , 804-888-7924 8048887925 , 804-888-7925 8048887926 , 804-888-7926 8048887927 , 804-888-7927 8048887928 , 804-888-7928 8048887929 , 804-888-7929 8048887930 , 804-888-7930 8048887931 , 804-888-7931 8048887932 , 804-888-7932 8048887933 , 804-888-7933 8048887934 , 804-888-7934 8048887935 , 804-888-7935 8048887936 , 804-888-7936 8048887937 , 804-888-7937 8048887938 , 804-888-7938 8048887939 , 804-888-7939 8048887940 , 804-888-7940 8048887941 , 804-888-7941 8048887942 , 804-888-7942 8048887943 , 804-888-7943 8048887944 , 804-888-7944 8048887945 , 804-888-7945 8048887946 , 804-888-7946 8048887947 , 804-888-7947 8048887948 , 804-888-7948 8048887949 , 804-888-7949 8048887950 , 804-888-7950 8048887951 , 804-888-7951 8048887952 , 804-888-7952 8048887953 , 804-888-7953 8048887954 , 804-888-7954 8048887955 , 804-888-7955 8048887956 , 804-888-7956 8048887957 , 804-888-7957 8048887958 , 804-888-7958 8048887959 , 804-888-7959 8048887960 , 804-888-7960 8048887961 , 804-888-7961 8048887962 , 804-888-7962 8048887963 , 804-888-7963 8048887964 , 804-888-7964 8048887965 , 804-888-7965 8048887966 , 804-888-7966 8048887967 , 804-888-7967 8048887968 , 804-888-7968 8048887969 , 804-888-7969 8048887970 , 804-888-7970 8048887971 , 804-888-7971 8048887972 , 804-888-7972 8048887973 , 804-888-7973 8048887974 , 804-888-7974 8048887975 , 804-888-7975 8048887976 , 804-888-7976 8048887977 , 804-888-7977 8048887978 , 804-888-7978 8048887979 , 804-888-7979 8048887980 , 804-888-7980 8048887981 , 804-888-7981 8048887982 , 804-888-7982 8048887983 , 804-888-7983 8048887984 , 804-888-7984 8048887985 , 804-888-7985 8048887986 , 804-888-7986 8048887987 , 804-888-7987 8048887988 , 804-888-7988 8048887989 , 804-888-7989 8048887990 , 804-888-7990 8048887991 , 804-888-7991 8048887992 , 804-888-7992 8048887993 , 804-888-7993 8048887994 , 804-888-7994 8048887995 , 804-888-7995 8048887996 , 804-888-7996 8048887997 , 804-888-7997 8048887998 , 804-888-7998 8048887999 , 804-888-7999 8048888000 , 804-888-8000 8048888001 , 804-888-8001 8048888002 , 804-888-8002 8048888003 , 804-888-8003 8048888004 , 804-888-8004 8048888005 , 804-888-8005 8048888006 , 804-888-8006 8048888007 , 804-888-8007 8048888008 , 804-888-8008 8048888009 , 804-888-8009 8048888010 , 804-888-8010 8048888011 , 804-888-8011 8048888012 , 804-888-8012 8048888013 , 804-888-8013 8048888014 , 804-888-8014 8048888015 , 804-888-8015 8048888016 , 804-888-8016 8048888017 , 804-888-8017 8048888018 , 804-888-8018 8048888019 , 804-888-8019 8048888020 , 804-888-8020 8048888021 , 804-888-8021 8048888022 , 804-888-8022 8048888023 , 804-888-8023 8048888024 , 804-888-8024 8048888025 , 804-888-8025 8048888026 , 804-888-8026 8048888027 , 804-888-8027 8048888028 , 804-888-8028 8048888029 , 804-888-8029 8048888030 , 804-888-8030 8048888031 , 804-888-8031 8048888032 , 804-888-8032 8048888033 , 804-888-8033 8048888034 , 804-888-8034 8048888035 , 804-888-8035 8048888036 , 804-888-8036 8048888037 , 804-888-8037 8048888038 , 804-888-8038 8048888039 , 804-888-8039 8048888040 , 804-888-8040 8048888041 , 804-888-8041 8048888042 , 804-888-8042 8048888043 , 804-888-8043 8048888044 , 804-888-8044 8048888045 , 804-888-8045 8048888046 , 804-888-8046 8048888047 , 804-888-8047 8048888048 , 804-888-8048 8048888049 , 804-888-8049 8048888050 , 804-888-8050 8048888051 , 804-888-8051 8048888052 , 804-888-8052 8048888053 , 804-888-8053 8048888054 , 804-888-8054 8048888055 , 804-888-8055 8048888056 , 804-888-8056 8048888057 , 804-888-8057 8048888058 , 804-888-8058 8048888059 , 804-888-8059 8048888060 , 804-888-8060 8048888061 , 804-888-8061 8048888062 , 804-888-8062 8048888063 , 804-888-8063 8048888064 , 804-888-8064 8048888065 , 804-888-8065 8048888066 , 804-888-8066 8048888067 , 804-888-8067 8048888068 , 804-888-8068 8048888069 , 804-888-8069 8048888070 , 804-888-8070 8048888071 , 804-888-8071 8048888072 , 804-888-8072 8048888073 , 804-888-8073 8048888074 , 804-888-8074 8048888075 , 804-888-8075 8048888076 , 804-888-8076 8048888077 , 804-888-8077 8048888078 , 804-888-8078 8048888079 , 804-888-8079 8048888080 , 804-888-8080 8048888081 , 804-888-8081 8048888082 , 804-888-8082 8048888083 , 804-888-8083 8048888084 , 804-888-8084 8048888085 , 804-888-8085 8048888086 , 804-888-8086 8048888087 , 804-888-8087 8048888088 , 804-888-8088 8048888089 , 804-888-8089 8048888090 , 804-888-8090 8048888091 , 804-888-8091 8048888092 , 804-888-8092 8048888093 , 804-888-8093 8048888094 , 804-888-8094 8048888095 , 804-888-8095 8048888096 , 804-888-8096 8048888097 , 804-888-8097 8048888098 , 804-888-8098 8048888099 , 804-888-8099 8048888100 , 804-888-8100 8048888101 , 804-888-8101 8048888102 , 804-888-8102 8048888103 , 804-888-8103 8048888104 , 804-888-8104 8048888105 , 804-888-8105 8048888106 , 804-888-8106 8048888107 , 804-888-8107 8048888108 , 804-888-8108 8048888109 , 804-888-8109 8048888110 , 804-888-8110 8048888111 , 804-888-8111 8048888112 , 804-888-8112 8048888113 , 804-888-8113 8048888114 , 804-888-8114 8048888115 , 804-888-8115 8048888116 , 804-888-8116 8048888117 , 804-888-8117 8048888118 , 804-888-8118 8048888119 , 804-888-8119 8048888120 , 804-888-8120 8048888121 , 804-888-8121 8048888122 , 804-888-8122 8048888123 , 804-888-8123 8048888124 , 804-888-8124 8048888125 , 804-888-8125 8048888126 , 804-888-8126 8048888127 , 804-888-8127 8048888128 , 804-888-8128 8048888129 , 804-888-8129 8048888130 , 804-888-8130 8048888131 , 804-888-8131 8048888132 , 804-888-8132 8048888133 , 804-888-8133 8048888134 , 804-888-8134 8048888135 , 804-888-8135 8048888136 , 804-888-8136 8048888137 , 804-888-8137 8048888138 , 804-888-8138 8048888139 , 804-888-8139 8048888140 , 804-888-8140 8048888141 , 804-888-8141 8048888142 , 804-888-8142 8048888143 , 804-888-8143 8048888144 , 804-888-8144 8048888145 , 804-888-8145 8048888146 , 804-888-8146 8048888147 , 804-888-8147 8048888148 , 804-888-8148 8048888149 , 804-888-8149 8048888150 , 804-888-8150 8048888151 , 804-888-8151 8048888152 , 804-888-8152 8048888153 , 804-888-8153 8048888154 , 804-888-8154 8048888155 , 804-888-8155 8048888156 , 804-888-8156 8048888157 , 804-888-8157 8048888158 , 804-888-8158 8048888159 , 804-888-8159 8048888160 , 804-888-8160 8048888161 , 804-888-8161 8048888162 , 804-888-8162 8048888163 , 804-888-8163 8048888164 , 804-888-8164 8048888165 , 804-888-8165 8048888166 , 804-888-8166 8048888167 , 804-888-8167 8048888168 , 804-888-8168 8048888169 , 804-888-8169 8048888170 , 804-888-8170 8048888171 , 804-888-8171 8048888172 , 804-888-8172 8048888173 , 804-888-8173 8048888174 , 804-888-8174 8048888175 , 804-888-8175 8048888176 , 804-888-8176 8048888177 , 804-888-8177 8048888178 , 804-888-8178 8048888179 , 804-888-8179 8048888180 , 804-888-8180 8048888181 , 804-888-8181 8048888182 , 804-888-8182 8048888183 , 804-888-8183 8048888184 , 804-888-8184 8048888185 , 804-888-8185 8048888186 , 804-888-8186 8048888187 , 804-888-8187 8048888188 , 804-888-8188 8048888189 , 804-888-8189 8048888190 , 804-888-8190 8048888191 , 804-888-8191 8048888192 , 804-888-8192 8048888193 , 804-888-8193 8048888194 , 804-888-8194 8048888195 , 804-888-8195 8048888196 , 804-888-8196 8048888197 , 804-888-8197 8048888198 , 804-888-8198 8048888199 , 804-888-8199 8048888200 , 804-888-8200 8048888201 , 804-888-8201 8048888202 , 804-888-8202 8048888203 , 804-888-8203 8048888204 , 804-888-8204 8048888205 , 804-888-8205 8048888206 , 804-888-8206 8048888207 , 804-888-8207 8048888208 , 804-888-8208 8048888209 , 804-888-8209 8048888210 , 804-888-8210 8048888211 , 804-888-8211 8048888212 , 804-888-8212 8048888213 , 804-888-8213 8048888214 , 804-888-8214 8048888215 , 804-888-8215 8048888216 , 804-888-8216 8048888217 , 804-888-8217 8048888218 , 804-888-8218 8048888219 , 804-888-8219 8048888220 , 804-888-8220 8048888221 , 804-888-8221 8048888222 , 804-888-8222 8048888223 , 804-888-8223 8048888224 , 804-888-8224 8048888225 , 804-888-8225 8048888226 , 804-888-8226 8048888227 , 804-888-8227 8048888228 , 804-888-8228 8048888229 , 804-888-8229 8048888230 , 804-888-8230 8048888231 , 804-888-8231 8048888232 , 804-888-8232 8048888233 , 804-888-8233 8048888234 , 804-888-8234 8048888235 , 804-888-8235 8048888236 , 804-888-8236 8048888237 , 804-888-8237 8048888238 , 804-888-8238 8048888239 , 804-888-8239 8048888240 , 804-888-8240 8048888241 , 804-888-8241 8048888242 , 804-888-8242 8048888243 , 804-888-8243 8048888244 , 804-888-8244 8048888245 , 804-888-8245 8048888246 , 804-888-8246 8048888247 , 804-888-8247 8048888248 , 804-888-8248 8048888249 , 804-888-8249 8048888250 , 804-888-8250